Marriage – Significance in life!

“What makes a person’s life absolute and complete is marriage.”
Marriage in Indian context is a Vedic tradition that is august and idealistic. Sages of the past, who acted as the guiding lights for the then society, with grand providence, established this noble and notable institution called ‘marriage’ that is aspired to rationalize human life style and take absolute pleasure in the internal essence of various elements comprising individual, society, culture, country, universe, nature, and god eternally. Wedding, for Indians, is an elevated and majestic process that is intended to uphold and preserve the association and relationship between the partners for 7 life cycles. It is a blissful journey that keeps the couple intimate, cherished, healthy and ecstatic throughout the life. Continue reading

Are caste associations a boon or bane?

Historically many castes in India have established associations on behalf of their castes and have been functioning in various dimensions. Telugu speaking areas (Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, some areas of Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Tamilnadu et al) are no exception and we can see several associations operating as well-being and development associations on behalf of their respective castes. Yet, the role of caste associations, which some anthropologists and sociologists call as “agents of modernism functioning as democratic pressure groups”, has always been a focus of an academic and hypothetical discussion rather a study serving specific objectives. Many caste associations apart from working for the welfare of their own castes are also focusing on generic progress of society. Most of them are realizing that any service activity conducted should include other communities at least to a limited extent.

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Is Kammas history not properly chronicled?

Was the task of recording Kammas history ignored by past generations? To a greater extent we have to say ‘Yes’.  Lack of proper material on Kammas has created numerous doubts on their history. Common among them was Kammas don’t have any remarkable history, which is a senseless fallacy. As the scripting of history was overlooked and not given emphasis it has become an uphill task today to identify the exact roots or lineage of Kammas. Unlike Reddys who irrespective of their economic status carry a suffix to their name ‘Reddy’ and could be easily identified, Kammas don’t have such appellation and they carry different tags like Rao, Das, Murthy, Chowdary, Nayudu, Babu et al making it difficult to identify by name. Only surnames to an extent help in the identification of a Kamma. Inscriptions say the journey off all three castes Reddys, Kammas, and Velamas commenced at the same time and the history of Kammas is as old as the history of Reddys and Velamas. In line with 1901’s Madras Census Report, all the four castes Kammas, Velamas, Reddys and Kapus diverged from the same Dravidian sect and their daily chores and rituals as well their life styles are quite similar in nature.
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What foreign Historians said about Kammas? Selected Quotes

Kammas, as a rule, are a fine well-built class of cultivators, very proud and exclusive, and have a great aversion to town life. – Rev.J.Cains

Kammas are most industrious and intelligent cultivators, who could beat all rivals out of the field. – H.A.Stuart

Kammas are ‘Ajanubahus’ (Those who have knee-long arms), healthy and vigorous, good-looking, and above all bestowed with loads of self-worth. No one can match them in hard work. Land fears Kammas. – Famous English Historian ‘Thirston’

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Books on Kamma’s History

In the course of world’s evolution, history has a very prominent role as studying and understanding it defines the future. However, as the famous author Dan Brown quoted, historyis always written by the winners and in the process of evolution the winners are never stagnant and changed with every era. When the winners changed every time the existing history was obliterated and new history is created with an objective to elevate their own cause and denigrate others.

When we try to understand the history of prime castes in Southern part of India, what we could derive is unlike its counterparts akin to Reddys and Velamas, Kammas didn’t put required effort in chronicling and preserving its history, as well passing the same to its future generations. Zamindari clans of Velamas have got their history penned during British regime and this book had made a valuable contribution to the history of Andhra Pradesh, as well to South India. Correspondingly, Sir C.R.Reddy (Kattamanchi Ramalinga Reddy), who was curious to know the roots of his caste, Reddys, approached the eminent historian of his time Shri Mallampalli Somasekhara Sharama to conduct research and script a book on Reddys. Shri Sharma with utmost devotion organized painstaking research and came out with a book “Reddys Kingdom” after a thorough exploration. Similar kind of efforts cannot be seen in the case of Kammas for the reasons unknown.
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